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Textiles and new materials

The textile industry is one of the most dynamic economic sectors in North-East Romania, with over 940 companies, 30,000 employees, with a share of 19% of the total textile exports (the second regional exporter of goods). The regional textile industry includes companies producing yarns (long and short staple acrylic, wool, hemp yarns, fancy yarns), woven, knitwear, clothing, decorative textiles and technical textiles. The North-East Region is the national leader in the production of yarns, knitwear, and garments, especially garment design and manufacturing. Apart from large companies (representing approx. 5% of the total number), the rest are SME’s, 70% being involved in apparel production.  At the regional level, there is a textile cluster, Astrico North East (that includes producers of yarns, knitwear, and garments) and an association for innovation and sustainable development ReginnovaNE. In Iași, there is one of the most important IT companies in the world – Gemini CAD Systems that creates software dedicated for the textile industry.  Another strong point is the presence in the region of the Faculty of Textile, Leather and Industrial Management, “Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University Iași, which is the first and the most important provider of education and knowledge at the national level, as well as research and innovation. The Faculty has a Center for Research for advanced textile materials, with 12 research laboratories covering all textile domains and a doctoral school.  

 

Trends:  A positive evolution of the turnover, number of companies and exports of regional textile & clothing industry, but a decrease in the number of employees are observed since 2011. There is also an increase in the level of automation of the textile processes and the use of CAD/CAM systems for the design and production of textile materials and clothing. Also, there are a significant number companies that have started to develop niche markets as a more profitable alternative.   


Challenges

➢ Qualified workforce with skills responding to the requirements of the industry; 

➢ Valorification the local creativity, sustainable resources, tradition and experience to build innovative and dynamic value chains in our region with cross-sectoral links at national and European level;  

➢ Enhance the transition from the unsustainable fast fashion Lohn-based model to more profitable short series, private label, and mass-customization models; 

➢ Provide practical solutions to social and environmental issues related to the local textile and clothing industry by developing new business models that involve the local communities;

➢ A low percentage of companies produce technical textiles and private investment in this domain is not significant; there is a lack of knowledge regarding technical/functional textiles, that are perceived as difficult and too costly;


Fundamental Fields:

• Chemical engineering;

• Technology of textile products;

• Engineering of knitted fabrics and clothing;

• Constructions;

• Industrial management;


Future development directions & identified value chains:

• Advanced biomaterials;

• Innovative product design (nano-bio textiles, incorporated sensors);

• Functional textile with applicability in medicine;

• Intelligent textiles; 

• Exploitation of natural fibers ; 

• Technical textiles, composite textile structures ;

• Knitted structures with thermal properties, knitting for mechanical protection, synergetic clothing ;    

• New materials for construction;

• Ecologic materials ;

• ZEB (zero emissions buildings);

• Waste collection and recycling (up-cycling, slow fashion);

• New business models (digital fashion, interaction with the customer);


FOCUS ON:

• Knitwear value chain;

 Apparel value chain


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