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Agriculture or farming is the cultivation and breeding of animals, plants, and fungi for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinal plants and other products used to sustain and enhance human life. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the development of civilization. The study of agriculture is known as agricultural science. The history of agriculture dates back thousands of years, and its development has been driven and defined by greatly different climates, cultures, and technologies. Industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture farming has become the dominant agricultural methodology.

The agricultural area of North-East Region is of 2,124,775 ha (14.52% of the total agricultural area of Romania). The largest agricultural areas are registered in the counties of Vaslui, Botoșani and Iași, each holding about 18-19% of the total agricultural area of the region. The Vaslui and Iași counties hold the largest vineyards, together with 76.5% of the total wine area of the region.

At the regional level, in 2015, the largest part of the cultivated area consisted of cereal grain crops (58.88%), oily plants (15.57%) and green fodder from arable land (17.50%). For cereal grain crops the largest areas were cultivated with corn grains (66.42%), wheat and rye (23.85%).

Fundamental Fields:

• Agronomy;

• Horticulture;

• Zootechnics;

• Food engineering;

• Forestry and wood engineering;

Future development directions & identified value chains:

• Sustainable development of field crops production – circular agriculture (secondary and tertiary crops);

• Culture of technical plants;

• Development of new products, practices, processes and technologies in horticulture;

• Agro-food products processing technologies, winemaking technologies, plant genetics; 

• Healthy, sustainable and competitive zootechnics Intelligent farms; 

• Fishery techniques, aquaculture, biotechnology;

• New innovative business models for traditional products;    

• Safe food products – organic products certification and selling with focus on domestic products ;

• Nutritionally optimized food products (additives, concentrates and nutritional supplements);

• New innovative business models for traditional products;

• Bio-energy;

• Development of new products, processes, and technologies;


• Hemp value chain;

Pomiculture value chain

• Potato value chain;

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